Lawton-Ft Sill Composite Squadron (OK115)
LAWTON-FT SILL COMPOSITE SQUADRON
OKLAHOMA WING, CIVIL AIR PATROL
U.S. AIR FORCE AUXILIARY
Purpose: To establish and maintain compliance with CAP heraldic standards for unit emblems as established in CAPR 110-3, Civil Air Patrol Heraldry Program.
Historical Significance: Lawton Fort Sill Composite Squadron has deep ties with the local community and support provided by the nearby U.S. Army Fort Sill. Fort Sill is the oldest continuously operated Army airfield and is the birthplace of combat Army aviation. This connection with aviation ties into the squadron’s aviation centric programs. The American Bison, also commonly known as the American buffalo, is a powerful animal that once roamed the plains in vast numbers. The buffalo is a revered symbol of strength, power and safety and is the symbol for the local community. These traits embody the CAP ethos.
Heraldry: The components of this new design and their symbolism are described below
The Blue Sky: The blue sky represents the aerospace domain that is commanded by the USAF and one of the primary programs of CAP. Fort Sill is the birthplace of Army combat aviation. Blue has the heraldic name of “Az-yoor” and represents loyalty and strength of commitments.
The Buffalo: The buffalo plays an integral role in Native American spiritual traditions. The importance of buffalo to the tribes, particularly in the Plains Region, is spoken of in legends, lore and oral tradition. The general meaning for buffalo throughout the Plains was that of power, safety, strength, life’s sacredness and durability. Among many Native American tribes, especially the Plains Indians, the bison is considered a sacred animal and religious symbol. The white horns symbolize strength and valor. The colors white and gray with a heraldic name of “Argent” represents truth and peace.
Following the U.S. Civil War, regiments of African American men known as buffalo soldiers served on the western frontier, battling Native American Indians and protecting settlers. The buffalo soldiers included two regiments of all-Black cavalry, the 9th and 10th Cavalries, formed after Congress passed legislation in 1866 that allowed African Americans to enlist in the country’s regular peacetime military. In 1871 the Comanche bestowed the name of an animal they revered, the buffalo, on the men of the 10th Cavalry because they were impressed with their toughness in battle. The moniker later came to be used for the 9th Cavalry as well. The fighting spirit of the buffalo soldiers, in spite of the way society treated them, is a testament to their character and perseverance in brutal conditions. The bison is a prominent figure in the local community and the people who volunteer in CAP.
Done on this day, the twentieth day of August, two thousand twenty-one and of the Independence of the United States of America, two hundred and forty-five.
Design and Artwork: Maj. Paul Stansberry
Reviewed by NHQ Historian Staff: Maj. Timothy Thornton, 20 Aug 2021
Coordinated Through Oklahoma Wing Commander: Col. Aaron E. Oliver, 20 Aug 2021
Approved by Southwest Region Commander: Col Martha C. Morris, 20 Aug 2021